Difference between revisions of "Coronatae"

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*Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)
 
*Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)
  
<br> Scyphomedusae with the umbrella margin cleft into lappets; with a single mouth opening provided with simple lips; with sense organs (rhopalia) and solid marginal tentacles arising from clefts between the lappets; with a circular, coronal furrow in the exumbrella, and peripheral to this a zone of gelatinous thickenings (pedalia) divided by radiating clefts alternating in position with the tentacles and rhopalia.<br>
+
Scyphomedusae with the umbrella margin cleft into lappets; with a single mouth opening provided with simple lips; with sense organs (rhopalia) and solid marginal tentacles arising from clefts between the lappets; with a circular, coronal furrow in the exumbrella, and peripheral to this a zone of gelatinous thickenings (pedalia) divided by radiating clefts alternating in position with the tentacles and rhopalia.
  
== Coronatae Species <br>  ==
+
== Coronatae Species ==
  
<br> Based largely on Kramp (1961) and Mianzan &amp; Cornelius (1999) Collections: M = morphology; D = DNA; Type = *  
+
Based largely on Kramp (1961) and Mianzan &amp; Cornelius (1999) Collections: M = morphology; D = DNA; Type = *  
  
<br> '''Key:'''
+
=== Key ===
  
 
'''Family (6)'''  
 
'''Family (6)'''  
 
+
* Genus (12)  
*Genus (12)  
+
** Species (48)
**Species (47)
+
 
+
<br>
+
  
 
=== Atollidae  ===
 
=== Atollidae  ===
  
(Bigelow 1913)
+
Bigelow 1913  
  
*''Atolla'' (Haeckel 1880) <br>
+
*''Atolla'' Haeckel 1880
**''chuni'' (Vanhöffen 1902)<br>
+
**''Atolla chuni'' Vanhöffen 1902
**''gigantea'' (Maas 1897)<br>
+
**''Atolla gigantea'' Maas 1897
**''parva'' (Russell 1958)<br>
+
**''Atolla parva'' Russell 1958
**''russelli'' (Repelin 1962) <br>
+
**''Atolla russelli'' Repelin 1962
**''vanhoeffeni''(Russell 1957)[[Image:Linuche5101.JPG|thumb|right|Linuche aquila Haeckel 1880]]
+
**''Atolla vanhoeffeni'' Russell 1957  
**''wyvillei'' (Haeckel 1880)*<br>
+
**''Atolla wyvillei'' Haeckel 1880*
  
 
=== Atorellidae  ===
 
=== Atorellidae  ===
  
(Vanhöffen 1902)<br>
+
Vanhöffen 1902  
  
*''Atorella'' (Vanhöffen 1902) <br>
+
*''Atorella'' Vanhöffen 1902
**''arcturi'' (Bigelow 1928)<br>
+
**''Atorella arcturi'' Bigelow 1928
**''japonica'' (Kawaguti &amp; Matsuno 1981)<br>
+
**''Atorella japonica'' Kawaguti & Matsuno 1981
**''octogonos'' (Mills, Larson &amp; Youngbluth 1987)
+
**''Atorella octogonos'' Mills, Larson & Youngbluth 1987  
**''subglobosa'' (Vanhöffen 1902)*<br>
+
**''Atorella subglobosa'' Vanhöffen 1902*
**''vanhoeffeni'' (Bigelow 1909)[[Image:Aurea mp.jpg|thumb|right|215x85px|Nausithoë aurea Silveira & Morandini, 1997]]
+
**''Atorella vanhoeffeni'' Bigelow 1909
  
 
=== Linuchidae  ===
 
=== Linuchidae  ===
  
(Haeckel 1879)
+
Haeckel 1879  
  
*''Linantha ''(Haechel 1880)<br>
+
*''Linantha ''Haechel 1880
**''lunulata'' (Haeckel 1880)*
+
**''Linantha lunulata'' Haeckel 1880*
 +
*''Linuche'' Eschscholtz 1829
 +
**''Linuche aquila'' Haeckel 1880  '''pictured'''
 +
**''Linuche draco'' (Haeckel 1880)
 +
**''Linuche unguiculata'' (Swartz 1788) *
  
*''Linuche''(Eschscholtz 1829)
+
<gallery>
**''aquila'' ('''pictured''', Haeckel 1880)[[Image:Nausithoe eumedusoides1 MH.jpg|thumb|right|Nausithoë eumedusoides (Werner 1974)]]
+
Image:Linuche5101.JPG|''Linuche aquila'' Haeckel 1880
**''draco'' (Haeckel 1880)<br>  
+
</gallery>
**''unguiculata'' (Swartz 1788; Palau D, M)*
+
  
 
=== Nausithoidae  ===
 
=== Nausithoidae  ===
  
(Bigelow 1913)
+
Bigelow 1913  
  
*''Nausithoe'' (Kölliker 1853)
+
*''Nausithoe'' Kölliker 1853  
**''albatrossi'' (Maas 1897)<br>
+
**''Nausithoe albatrossi'' (Maas 1897)
**''atlantica'' (Broch 1914)
+
**''Nausithoe atlantica'' Broch 1914  
**''aurea'' ('''pictured''', Silveira &amp; Morandini 1997)
+
**''Nausithoe aurea'' Silveira &amp; Morandini 1997  '''pictured'''
**''challengeri'' (Haeckel 1880)  
+
**''Nausithoe challengeri'' (Haeckel 1880)  
**''clausi'' (Vanhoffen 1892);  
+
**''Nausithoe clausi'' Vanhoffen 1892;  
**''eumedusoides'' ('''pictured''', Werner 1974)
+
**''Nausithoe eumedusoides'' (Werner 1974)  '''pictured'''
**''globifera'' (Broch 1914)
+
**''Nausithoe globifera'' Broch 1914  
**''hagenbecki'' (Jarms 2001)
+
**''Nausithoe hagenbecki'' Jarms 2001  
**''limpida'' (Hartlaub 1909)  
+
**''Nausithoe limpida'' Hartlaub 1909   
**''maculata''(Jarms 1990)[[Image:Nausithoe marginata MH.jpg|thumb|right|Nausithoë marginata Kölliker 1853]]
+
**''Nausithoe maculata''Jarms 1990  
**''marginata'' ('''pictured''', Kolliker 1853)
+
**''Nausithoe marginata'' Kolliker 1853  '''pictured'''
**''picta'' (Agassiz &amp; Mayer 1902)
+
**''Nausithoe picta'' Agassiz &amp; Mayer 1902  
**''planulophora'' ('''pictured''', Werner 1971)
+
**''Nausithoe planulophora'' (Werner 1971)  '''pictured'''  
**''punctata'' ('''pictured''', Kolliker 1853; Palau, D, M)*
+
**''Nausithoe punctata'' Kolliker 1853 *  '''pictured'''
**''racemosa'' ('''pictured''', Komai 1936; New Guinea; D, M; Palau; D, M)
+
**''Nausithoe racemosa'' (Komai 1936) '''pictured'''
**''rubra'' (Vanhöffen 1902)
+
**''Nausithoe rubra'' Vanhöffen 1902  
**''thieli'' (Jarms 1990)
+
**''Nausithoe sorbei'' Jarms, Tiemann, &amp; Prados 2003
*''Palephyra'' (Haeckel 1880)
+
**''Nausithoe thieli'' Jarms 1990
**''antiqua'' (Haeckel 1880)*  
+
**''Nausithoe werneri'' Jarms 1990
**''indica'' (Vanhöffen 1902)
+
*''Palephyra'' Haeckel 1880
**''pelagica'' (Haeckel 1880)
+
**''Palephyra antiqua'' Haeckel 1880*  
*''Thecoscyphus'' (Werner 1984)
+
**''Palephyra indica'' Vanhöffen 1902  
**''zibrowii'' ('''pictured''', Werner 1984)*
+
**''Palephyra pelagica'' Haeckel 1880
 +
*''Thecoscyphus'' Werner 1984  
 +
**''Thecoscyphus zibrowii'' Werner 1984*  '''pictured'''
  
[[Image:Nausithoe zibrowii MH.jpg|thumb|right|Thecoscyphus zibrowii Werner 1974]]
+
<gallery widths=150px perrow=4>
 +
Image:Aurea mp.jpg | ''Nausithoë aurea'' Silveira & Morandini, 1997
 +
Image:Nausithoe eumedusoides1 MH.jpg | ''Nausithoë eumedusoides'' (Werner 1974)
 +
Image:Nausithoe marginata MH.jpg | ''Nausithoë marginata'' Kölliker 1853
 +
Image:Nausithoe planulophora MH.jpg | ''Nausithoë planulophora'' (Werner 1971)
 +
Image:Nausithoe punctata MH.jpg | ''Nausithoë punctata'' Kölliker 1853
 +
Image:NausithoePunctata.jpg | ''Nausithoë punctata'' Kölliker 1853
 +
Image:NausithoeRacemosa.jpg | ''Nausithoë racemosa'' (Komai, 1936)
 +
Image:Nausithoe zibrowii MH.jpg | ''Thecoscyphus zibrowii'' Werner 1984
 +
 
 +
</gallery>
  
 
=== Paraphyllinidae  ===
 
=== Paraphyllinidae  ===
  
(Maas 1903)
+
Maas 1903  
  
*''Paraphyllina'' (Maas 1903)
+
*''Paraphyllina'' Maas 1903  
**''intermedia'' (Maas 1903)*  
+
**''Paraphyllina intermedia'' Maas 1903*  
**''ransoni'' (Russell 1956)
+
**''Paraphyllina ransoni'' Russell 1956  
**''rubra'' (Neppi 1915)
+
**''Paraphyllina rubra'' Neppi 1915
  
 
=== Periphyllidae  ===
 
=== Periphyllidae  ===
  
(Haeckel 1880)
+
Haeckel 1880  
 
+
*''Nauphantopsis'' (Fewkes 1885)
+
**''diomedeae'' (Fewkes 1885)*
+
*''Pericolpa'' (Haeckel 1880)
+
**''campana'' (Haeckel 1880)
+
**''quadrigata'' (Haeckel 1880)*
+
**''tetrealina'' (Haeckel 1880)
+
*''Periphylla'' (Haeckel 1880)
+
**''periphylla'' (Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810; Malvinas (D), Norway (D))*
+
*''Periphyllopsis'' (Vanhöffen 1900)
+
**''braueri'' (Vanhöffen 1900)*
+
**''galatheae'' (Kramp 1959)
+
  
 +
*''Nauphantopsis'' Fewkes 1885
 +
**''Nauphantopsis diomedeae'' Fewkes 1885*
 +
*''Pericolpa'' Haeckel 1880
 +
**''Pericolpa campana'' (Haeckel 1880)
 +
**''Pericolpa quadrigata'' Haeckel 1880 *
 +
**''Pericolpa tetrealina'' Haeckel 1880
 +
*''Periphylla'' Haeckel 1880
 +
**''Periphylla periphylla'' (Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810) *
 +
*''Periphyllopsis'' Vanhöffen 1900
 +
**''Periphyllopsis braueri'' Vanhöffen 1900 *
 +
**''Periphyllopsis galatheae'' Kramp 1959
  
 +
==References==
  
''*Compiled by M.N. Dawson, G. Jarms, and A. C. Morandini.''<br>
+
* Kramp, P. L. (1961). Synopsis of the Medusae of the World. ''Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom'' '''40''': 1–469. [http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/jmba_40/jmba_40.htm Full text]
 +
* Mianzan H. W., Cornelius P. F. S. (1999). Cubomedusae and Scyphomedusae, p. 513–559. In: Boltovskoy D. (ed.) ''South Atlantic zooplankton''. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.
  
[[Image:NausithoeRacemosa.jpg|thumb|left|Nausithoë racemosa (Komai, 1936)]][[Image:Nausithoe punctata MH.jpg|thumb|center|Nausithoë punctata Kölliker 1853]]
+
==Authors==
  
[[Image:Nausithoe planulophora MH.jpg|thumb|left|Nausithoë planulophora (Werner 1971)]]
+
* ''Compiled by M. N. Dawson, G. Jarms, and A. C. Morandini.''
  
[[Image:NausithoePunctata.jpg|thumb|center|Nausithoë punctata Kölliker 1853]]
+
[[Category:Coronatae]]

Latest revision as of 23:47, 21 October 2011

  • Order Coronatae Vanhöffen 1892
  • Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)

Scyphomedusae with the umbrella margin cleft into lappets; with a single mouth opening provided with simple lips; with sense organs (rhopalia) and solid marginal tentacles arising from clefts between the lappets; with a circular, coronal furrow in the exumbrella, and peripheral to this a zone of gelatinous thickenings (pedalia) divided by radiating clefts alternating in position with the tentacles and rhopalia.

Coronatae Species

Based largely on Kramp (1961) and Mianzan & Cornelius (1999) Collections: M = morphology; D = DNA; Type = *

Key

Family (6)

  • Genus (12)
    • Species (48)

Atollidae

Bigelow 1913

  • Atolla Haeckel 1880
    • Atolla chuni Vanhöffen 1902
    • Atolla gigantea Maas 1897
    • Atolla parva Russell 1958
    • Atolla russelli Repelin 1962
    • Atolla vanhoeffeni Russell 1957
    • Atolla wyvillei Haeckel 1880*

Atorellidae

Vanhöffen 1902

  • Atorella Vanhöffen 1902
    • Atorella arcturi Bigelow 1928
    • Atorella japonica Kawaguti & Matsuno 1981
    • Atorella octogonos Mills, Larson & Youngbluth 1987
    • Atorella subglobosa Vanhöffen 1902*
    • Atorella vanhoeffeni Bigelow 1909

Linuchidae

Haeckel 1879

  • Linantha Haechel 1880
    • Linantha lunulata Haeckel 1880*
  • Linuche Eschscholtz 1829
    • Linuche aquila Haeckel 1880 pictured
    • Linuche draco (Haeckel 1880)
    • Linuche unguiculata (Swartz 1788) *

Nausithoidae

Bigelow 1913

  • Nausithoe Kölliker 1853
    • Nausithoe albatrossi (Maas 1897)
    • Nausithoe atlantica Broch 1914
    • Nausithoe aurea Silveira & Morandini 1997 pictured
    • Nausithoe challengeri (Haeckel 1880)
    • Nausithoe clausi Vanhoffen 1892;
    • Nausithoe eumedusoides (Werner 1974) pictured
    • Nausithoe globifera Broch 1914
    • Nausithoe hagenbecki Jarms 2001
    • Nausithoe limpida Hartlaub 1909
    • Nausithoe maculataJarms 1990
    • Nausithoe marginata Kolliker 1853 pictured
    • Nausithoe picta Agassiz & Mayer 1902
    • Nausithoe planulophora (Werner 1971) pictured
    • Nausithoe punctata Kolliker 1853 * pictured
    • Nausithoe racemosa (Komai 1936) pictured
    • Nausithoe rubra Vanhöffen 1902
    • Nausithoe sorbei Jarms, Tiemann, & Prados 2003
    • Nausithoe thieli Jarms 1990
    • Nausithoe werneri Jarms 1990
  • Palephyra Haeckel 1880
    • Palephyra antiqua Haeckel 1880*
    • Palephyra indica Vanhöffen 1902
    • Palephyra pelagica Haeckel 1880
  • Thecoscyphus Werner 1984
    • Thecoscyphus zibrowii Werner 1984* pictured

Paraphyllinidae

Maas 1903

  • Paraphyllina Maas 1903
    • Paraphyllina intermedia Maas 1903*
    • Paraphyllina ransoni Russell 1956
    • Paraphyllina rubra Neppi 1915

Periphyllidae

Haeckel 1880

  • Nauphantopsis Fewkes 1885
    • Nauphantopsis diomedeae Fewkes 1885*
  • Pericolpa Haeckel 1880
    • Pericolpa campana (Haeckel 1880)
    • Pericolpa quadrigata Haeckel 1880 *
    • Pericolpa tetrealina Haeckel 1880
  • Periphylla Haeckel 1880
    • Periphylla periphylla (Péron & Lesueur 1810) *
  • Periphyllopsis Vanhöffen 1900
    • Periphyllopsis braueri Vanhöffen 1900 *
    • Periphyllopsis galatheae Kramp 1959

References

  • Kramp, P. L. (1961). Synopsis of the Medusae of the World. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 40: 1–469. Full text
  • Mianzan H. W., Cornelius P. F. S. (1999). Cubomedusae and Scyphomedusae, p. 513–559. In: Boltovskoy D. (ed.) South Atlantic zooplankton. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

Authors

  • Compiled by M. N. Dawson, G. Jarms, and A. C. Morandini.