Difference between revisions of "Semaeostomeae"

From The Scyphozoan
Jump to: navigation, search
(Ulmaridae Haeckel 1879)
Line 22: Line 22:
  
 
*''Cyanea'' Péron & Lesueur 1810   
 
*''Cyanea'' Péron & Lesueur 1810   
**''annasethe'' (Haeckel 1880) - Tasmania (D,M), Victoria (D,M)
+
**''Cyanea annasethe'' (Haeckel 1880) - Tasmania (D,M), Victoria (D,M)
**''annaskala'' von Lendenfeld 1884  
+
**''Cyanea annaskala'' von Lendenfeld 1884  
**''buitendijki'' Stiasny 1919  
+
**''Cyanea buitendijki'' Stiasny 1919  
**''capillata'' (Linné 1758) * - Alaska (D), Norway (D)
+
**''Cyanea capillata'' (Linné 1758) * - Alaska (D), Norway (D)
**''citrea'' (Kishinouye 1910)  
+
**''Cyanea citrea'' (Kishinouye 1910)  
**''ferruginea'' Eschscholtz 1829  
+
**''Cyanea ferruginea'' Eschscholtz 1829  
**''fulva'' L. Agassiz 1862  
+
**''Cyanea fulva'' L. Agassiz 1862  
**''lamarcki'' Péron & Lesueur 1810  
+
**''Cyanea lamarcki'' Péron & Lesueur 1810  
**''mjöbergi'' Stiasny 1921  
+
**''Cyanea mjöbergi'' Stiasny 1921  
**''muellerianthe'' Haacke 1887  
+
**''Cyanea muellerianthe'' Haacke 1887  
**''nozakii'' Kishinouye 1891  
+
**''Cyanea nozakii'' Kishinouye 1891  
**''postelsi'' Brandt 1838  
+
**''Cyanea postelsi'' Brandt 1838  
**''purpurea'' Kishinouye 1910  
+
**''Cyanea purpurea'' Kishinouye 1910  
**''rosea'' Quoy & Gaimard 1824 - New South Wales(D,M)
+
**''Cyanea rosea'' Quoy & Gaimard 1824 - New South Wales(D,M)
 
*''Desmonema'' L. Agassiz 1862  
 
*''Desmonema'' L. Agassiz 1862  
**''chierchianum'' Vanhöffen 1888  
+
**''Desmonema chierchianum'' Vanhöffen 1888  
**''comatum'' Larson 1986  
+
**''Desmonema comatum'' Larson 1986  
**''gaudichaudi'' (Lesson 1832) *  
+
**''Desmonema gaudichaudi'' (Lesson 1832) *  
**''glaciale'' Larson 1986  
+
**''Desmonema glaciale'' Larson 1986  
 
*''Drymonema'' Haeckel 1880  
 
*''Drymonema'' Haeckel 1880  
**''dalmatinum'' Haeckel 1880 *  
+
**''Drymonema dalmatinum'' Haeckel 1880 *  
**''gorgo'' F. Müller 1883  
+
**''Drymonema gorgo'' F. Müller 1883  
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
=== [[Pelagiidae]] Gegenbaur 1856 <br>  ===
 
=== [[Pelagiidae]] Gegenbaur 1856 <br>  ===
 
*''Chrysaora'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
 
*''Chrysaora'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
**''achlyos'' Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo &amp; Bloom 1997  
+
**''Chrysaora achlyos'' Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo &amp; Bloom 1997  
**''africana'' (Vanhöffen 1902)  
+
**''Chrysaora africana'' (Vanhöffen 1902)  
**''blossevillei'' Lesson 1830  
+
**''Chrysaora blossevillei'' Lesson 1830  
**''colorata'' (Russell 1964)   
+
**''Chrysaora colorata'' (Russell 1964)   
**''depressa'' (Kishinouye 1902)  
+
**''Chrysaora depressa'' (Kishinouye 1902)  
**''fulgida'' (Reynaud 1830)  
+
**''Chrysaora fulgida'' (Reynaud 1830)  
**''fuscescens'' Brandt 1835   
+
**''Chrysaora fuscescens'' Brandt 1835   
**''helvola'' Brandt 1838  
+
**''Chrysaora helvola'' Brandt 1838  
**''hysoscella'' (Linné 1766) *
+
**''Chrysaora hysoscella'' (Linné 1766) *
**''lactea'' Eschscholtz 1829
+
**''Chrysaora lactea'' Eschscholtz 1829
**''melanaster'' Brandt 1838  
+
**''Chrysaora melanaster'' Brandt 1838  
**''pacifica'' (Goette 1886)  
+
**''Chrysaora pacifica'' (Goette 1886)  
**''plocamia (Lesson 1832)''  
+
**''Chrysaora plocamia (Lesson 1832)''  
**''quinquecirrha'' (Desor 1848)
+
**''Chrysaora quinquecirrha'' (Desor 1848)
 
*''Pelagia'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
 
*''Pelagia'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
**''noctiluca'' (Forskål 1775) *   
+
**''Pelagia noctiluca'' (Forskål 1775) *   
 
*''Sanderia'' Goette 1886  
 
*''Sanderia'' Goette 1886  
**''malayensis'' Goette 1886  
+
**''Sanderia malayensis'' Goette 1886  
  
  
Line 82: Line 82:
 
=== [[Ulmaridae]] Haeckel 1879 <br>  ===
 
=== [[Ulmaridae]] Haeckel 1879 <br>  ===
  
*[[Aurelia]] Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
+
*''[[Aurelia]]'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
**''aurita'' (Linné 1758) * - N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)
+
**''Aurelia aurita'' (Linné 1758) * - N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)
**''coerulea'' von Lendenfeld 1884  
+
**''Aurelia coerulea'' von Lendenfeld 1884  
**''colpota'' Brandt 1838  
+
**''Aurelia colpota'' Brandt 1838  
**''labiata'' Chamisso &amp; Eysenhardt 1821  
+
**''Aurelia labiata'' Chamisso &amp; Eysenhardt 1821  
**''limbata'' (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM"  
+
**''Aurelia limbata'' (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM"  
**''maldivensis'' Bigelow 1904  
+
**''Aurelia maldivensis'' Bigelow 1904  
**''solida'' Browne 1905  
+
**''Aurelia solida'' Browne 1905  
**sp. 1 (morphological, molecular) - California (D), France (D), Japan (D), New South Wales (D), Perth (D)
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 1 (morphological, molecular)
**sp. 2 (molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 2 (molecular)  
**sp. 3 (morphological, molecular)   
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 3 (morphological, molecular)   
**sp. 4 (morphological, molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 4 (morphological, molecular)  
**sp. 5 (molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 5 (molecular)  
**sp. 6 (morphological, molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 6 (morphological, molecular)  
**sp. 7 (molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 7 (molecular)  
**sp. 8 (molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 8 (molecular)  
**sp. 9 (molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 9 (molecular)  
**sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata  
**sp. 11 (molecular)  
+
**''Aurelia'' sp. 11 (molecular)  
  
  
Line 113: Line 113:
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
*''Aurosa'' Haeckel 1880  
 
*''Aurosa'' Haeckel 1880  
**''furcata'' Haeckel 1880 *  
+
**''Aurosa furcata'' Haeckel 1880 *  
 
*''Deepstaria'' Russell 1967  
 
*''Deepstaria'' Russell 1967  
**''enigmatica'' Russell 1967 *  
+
**''Deepstaria enigmatica'' Russell 1967 *  
**''reticulum'' Larson, Madin &amp; Harbison, 1988  
+
**''Deepstaria reticulum'' Larson, Madin &amp; Harbison, 1988  
 
*''Discomedusa'' Claus 1877  
 
*''Discomedusa'' Claus 1877  
**[[Lobata]] Claus 1877 *  
+
**''[[Discomedusa lobata]]'' Claus 1877 *  
**''philippina'' Mayer 1910  
+
**''Discomedusa philippina'' Mayer 1910  
**sp. Moore 1949  
+
**''Discomedusa'' sp. Moore 1949  
 
*''Diplulmaris'' Maas 1908  
 
*''Diplulmaris'' Maas 1908  
**''antarctica'' Maas 1908 *  
+
**''Diplulmaris antarctica'' Maas 1908 *  
**''malayensis'' Stiasny 1935  
+
**''Diplulmaris malayensis'' Stiasny 1935  
 
*''Floresca'' Haeckel 1880  
 
*''Floresca'' Haeckel 1880  
**''parthenia'' Haeckel 1880 *  
+
**''Floresca parthenia'' Haeckel 1880 *  
 
*''Parumbrosa'' Kishinouye 1910  
 
*''Parumbrosa'' Kishinouye 1910  
**''polylobata'' Kishinouye 1910 *  
+
**''Parumbrosa polylobata'' Kishinouye 1910 *  
 
*''Phacellophora'' Brandt 1835  
 
*''Phacellophora'' Brandt 1835  
**''camtschatica'' Brandt 1838 *  
+
**''Phacellophora camtschatica'' Brandt 1838 *  
 
*''Poralia'' Vanhöffen 1902  
 
*''Poralia'' Vanhöffen 1902  
**''rufescens'' Vanhöffen 1902 *  
+
**''Poralia rufescens'' Vanhöffen 1902 *  
 
*''Stellamedusa'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004  
 
*''Stellamedusa'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004  
**''ventana'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *   
+
**''Stellamedusa ventana'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *   
 
*''Sthenonia'' Eschscholtz 1829  
 
*''Sthenonia'' Eschscholtz 1829  
**''albida'' Eschscholtz 1829 *  
+
**''Sthenonia albida'' Eschscholtz 1829 *  
 
*''Stygiomedusa'' Russell 1959  
 
*''Stygiomedusa'' Russell 1959  
**''[[gigantea]]'' (Browne 1910) *  
+
**''[[Stygiomedusa gigantea]]'' (Browne 1910) *  
 
*''Tiburonia'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003  
 
*''Tiburonia'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003  
**''granrojo'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *  
+
**''Tiburonia granrojo'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *  
 
*''Ulmaris'' Haeckel 1880  
 
*''Ulmaris'' Haeckel 1880  
**''prototypus'' Haeckel 1880 *  
+
**''Ulmaris prototypus'' Haeckel 1880 *  
**''snelliusi'' Stiasny 1935 - Please see Zoo Bank [http://www.zoobank.org/query.htm] for more information.  
+
**''Ulmaris snelliusi'' Stiasny 1935 - Please see Zoo Bank [http://www.zoobank.org/query.htm] for more information.  
  
 
<br>
 
<br>

Revision as of 04:31, 3 June 2010

  • Order Semaeostomeae L. Agassiz 1862
  • Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)

Scyphomedusae with umbrella margin cleft into lappets; without a coronal furrow and without pedalia; with (or without) hollow marginal tentacles and with marginal rhopalia; with a single central mouth opening provided with four large curtain-like or gelatinous lips; with gonads in sac-like folds of the endodermal wall of the subumbrella.

Semaeostomeae Species

Based largely on Kramp (1961), Mianzan & Cornelius (1999)

Collections: M = morphology, D = DNA, Type = *

Key:

Family (3)

  • Genus (19)
    • Species (63)


Cyaneidae L. Agassiz 1862

  • Cyanea Péron & Lesueur 1810 
    • Cyanea annasethe (Haeckel 1880) - Tasmania (D,M), Victoria (D,M)
    • Cyanea annaskala von Lendenfeld 1884
    • Cyanea buitendijki Stiasny 1919
    • Cyanea capillata (Linné 1758) * - Alaska (D), Norway (D)
    • Cyanea citrea (Kishinouye 1910)
    • Cyanea ferruginea Eschscholtz 1829
    • Cyanea fulva L. Agassiz 1862
    • Cyanea lamarcki Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Cyanea mjöbergi Stiasny 1921
    • Cyanea muellerianthe Haacke 1887
    • Cyanea nozakii Kishinouye 1891
    • Cyanea postelsi Brandt 1838
    • Cyanea purpurea Kishinouye 1910
    • Cyanea rosea Quoy & Gaimard 1824 - New South Wales(D,M)
  • Desmonema L. Agassiz 1862
    • Desmonema chierchianum Vanhöffen 1888
    • Desmonema comatum Larson 1986
    • Desmonema gaudichaudi (Lesson 1832) *
    • Desmonema glaciale Larson 1986
  • Drymonema Haeckel 1880
    • Drymonema dalmatinum Haeckel 1880 *
    • Drymonema gorgo F. Müller 1883


Pelagiidae Gegenbaur 1856

  • Chrysaora Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Chrysaora achlyos Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo & Bloom 1997
    • Chrysaora africana (Vanhöffen 1902)
    • Chrysaora blossevillei Lesson 1830
    • Chrysaora colorata (Russell 1964)
    • Chrysaora depressa (Kishinouye 1902)
    • Chrysaora fulgida (Reynaud 1830)
    • Chrysaora fuscescens Brandt 1835
    • Chrysaora helvola Brandt 1838
    • Chrysaora hysoscella (Linné 1766) *
    • Chrysaora lactea Eschscholtz 1829
    • Chrysaora melanaster Brandt 1838
    • Chrysaora pacifica (Goette 1886)
    • Chrysaora plocamia (Lesson 1832)
    • Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor 1848)
  • Pelagia Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål 1775) *
  • Sanderia Goette 1886
    • Sanderia malayensis Goette 1886



Chrysaora colorata (Russell 1964) Monterey Bay Aquarium
Chrysaora fuscescens Brandt 1835 Monterey Bay Aquarium
Chrysaora lactea Eschscholtz 1829 Cananeia county, Brazil
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor 1848) Bahrain
Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål 1775) New Zealand

More Pelagia images here.



Ulmaridae Haeckel 1879

  • Aurelia Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Aurelia aurita (Linné 1758) * - N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)
    • Aurelia coerulea von Lendenfeld 1884
    • Aurelia colpota Brandt 1838
    • Aurelia labiata Chamisso & Eysenhardt 1821
    • Aurelia limbata (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM"
    • Aurelia maldivensis Bigelow 1904
    • Aurelia solida Browne 1905
    • Aurelia sp. 1 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 2 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 3 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 4 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 5 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 6 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 7 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 8 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 9 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata
    • Aurelia sp. 11 (molecular)



Aurelia sp.1 Long Beach, California, USA
Aurelia sp.3 Lake Tketau, Mecherchar, Palau
Aurelia sp.4 Big Jellyfish Lake, Koror, Palau
Aurelia sp.11 Kwajalein, Marshall Islands


  • Aurosa Haeckel 1880
    • Aurosa furcata Haeckel 1880 *
  • Deepstaria Russell 1967
    • Deepstaria enigmatica Russell 1967 *
    • Deepstaria reticulum Larson, Madin & Harbison, 1988
  • Discomedusa Claus 1877
    • Discomedusa lobata Claus 1877 *
    • Discomedusa philippina Mayer 1910
    • Discomedusa sp. Moore 1949
  • Diplulmaris Maas 1908
    • Diplulmaris antarctica Maas 1908 *
    • Diplulmaris malayensis Stiasny 1935
  • Floresca Haeckel 1880
    • Floresca parthenia Haeckel 1880 *
  • Parumbrosa Kishinouye 1910
    • Parumbrosa polylobata Kishinouye 1910 *
  • Phacellophora Brandt 1835
    • Phacellophora camtschatica Brandt 1838 *
  • Poralia Vanhöffen 1902
    • Poralia rufescens Vanhöffen 1902 *
  • Stellamedusa Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004
    • Stellamedusa ventana Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *
  • Sthenonia Eschscholtz 1829
    • Sthenonia albida Eschscholtz 1829 *
  • Stygiomedusa Russell 1959
  • Tiburonia Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003
    • Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *
  • Ulmaris Haeckel 1880
    • Ulmaris prototypus Haeckel 1880 *
    • Ulmaris snelliusi Stiasny 1935 - Please see Zoo Bank [1] for more information.


Phacellophora camtschatica Brandt 1838
Stellamedusa ventana Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004
Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003
Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003

Tiburonia photographs courtesy of Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
More Stellamedusa images here. See also MBARI S. ventana for more information.


Compiled by M.N Dawson, G. Jarms, A.C. Morandini, F. Pagès. Update pending.