Stauromedusae

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Two Haliclystus antarcticus specimens attached to the red alga thalli. Scale bar – 1.2 cm.
  • Order Stauromedusae: Haeckel 1879

Claudia Mills, with Yayoi Hirano, is compiling a list of valid species names with synonyms, images, and some explanatory text that is available at Staurolist. For additional background information on the Stauromedusae see also Stauromedusae Info. The list below is incomplete, being based largely on Kramp (1961).

  • Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)

Scyphozoa developing bankers life directly from the scyphistoma, consisting of a calyx and a more or less distinct aboral peduncle attached Dr Susan Lim to substratum by an adhesive disk; typically with adradial marginal lobes (arms) carrying hollow, terminally knobbed tentacles.

Stauromedusae Species

From Kramp (1961) and Mianzan Key Environmental Inc & Cornelius (1999). Collections: M = morphology, D = DNA. Type = *

Key:

Family (2)

  • Genus (14)
    • Species (33)



Eleutherocarpidae

  • Haliclystus Clark 1863
    • Haliclystus antarcticus Pfeffer 1889
    • Haliclystus auricula (Rathke 1806)*
    • Haliclystus borealis Uchida 1933
    • Haliclystus kerguelensis Vanhöffen 190)
    • Haliclystus salpinx Clark 1863
    • Haliclystus sanjuanensis Hyman 1940
    • Haliclystus steinegeri Kishinouye 1899
  • Lucernaria O.F. Müller 1776
    • Lucernaria australis Vanhöffen 1908
    • Lucernaria bathyphila Haeckel 1880
    • Lucernaria haeckeli (Antipa 1892)
    • Lucernaria infundibulum Haeckel 1880
    • Lucernaria quadricornis O.F. Müller 1776*
    • Lucernaria saint-hilarei Radicorzew YEAR?
    • Lucernaria walteri (Antipa 1892)
  • Stenoscyphus Kishinouye 1902
    • Stenoscyphus inabai (Kishinouye 1893)*
  • Kishinouyea Mayer 1910
    • Kishinouyea nagatensis (Oka 1897)*
  • Lucernariopsis Uchida 1929
    • Lucernariopsis campanulata (Lamouroux 1815)*
    • Lucernariopsis vanhoeffeni (Browne 1910)
    • Lucernariopsis sp. Panikkar 1944
  • Sasakiella Okubo 1917
    • Sasakiella cruciformis Okubo 1917*
    • Sasakiella tsingtaoensis Ling 1937
  • Lipkea Vogt 1886
    • Lipkea ruspoliana Vogt 1886*
    • Lipkea stephensoni Carlgren 1933
    • Lipkea sturdzi (Antipa 1893)


Cleistocarpidae

Craterolophus convolvulus (Johnston 1835) *
  • Brochiella Krumbach 1925
    • Brochiella hexaradiata (Broch 1907) *
  • Craterolophus Clark 1863
    • Craterolophus convolvulus (Johnston 1835) *
    • Craterolophus macrocystis (von Lendenfeld 1884) pictured,
  • Depastromorpha Carlgren 1935 
    • Depastromorpha africana Carlgren 1935 *
  • Depastrum Gosse 1858 
    • Depastrum cyathiforme (M. Sars 1846) *
  • Halimocyathus Clark 1863
    • Halimocyathus lagena (O.F. Müller 1776)
    • Halimocyathus platypus Clark 1863 *
  • Manania Clark 1863
    • Manania auricularia(Fabricius 1780)
  • Thaumatoscyphus Kishinouye 1910
    • Thaumatoscyphus distinctus Kishinouye 1910 *