Difference between revisions of "Semaeostomeae"

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<br> Based largely on Kramp (1961), Mianzan &amp; Cornelius (1999), Gershwin (2001), Dawson (2003) Collections: M = morphology, D = DNA. Type = *  
+
Based largely on Kramp (1961), Mianzan &amp; Cornelius (1999), Gershwin (2001), Dawson (2003) Collections: M = morphology, D = DNA. Type = *  
 +
 
 +
<gallery>
 +
File:Example.jpg|Item 1
 +
File:Example.jpg|a link to [[Help:Contents]]
 +
File:Example.jpg
 +
File:Example.jpg
 +
File:Example.jpg| ''italic caption''
 +
File:Example.jpg|on page "{{PAGENAME}}"
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</gallery>
  
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{| border="1"
 
{| border="1"
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|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''ferruginea'' Eschscholtz 1829
+
| ''ferruginea'' Eschscholtz 1829  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 75: Line 83:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''postelsi'' Brandt 1838
+
| ''postelsi'' Brandt 1838  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''purpurea'' Kishinouye 1910
+
| ''purpurea'' Kishinouye 1910  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''rosea'' Quoy &amp; Gaimard 1824
+
| ''rosea'' Quoy &amp; Gaimard 1824  
 
| align="right" | New South Wales(D,M)
 
| align="right" | New South Wales(D,M)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Desmonema'' L. Agassiz 1862  
 
| ''Desmonema'' L. Agassiz 1862  
| ''chierchianum'' Vanhöffen 1888
+
| ''chierchianum'' Vanhöffen 1888  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''comatum'' Larson 1986
+
| ''comatum'' Larson 1986  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''gaudichaudi'' (Lesson 1832) *
+
| ''gaudichaudi'' (Lesson 1832) *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''glaciale'' Larson 1986
+
| ''glaciale'' Larson 1986  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Drymonema'' Haeckel 1880  
 
| ''Drymonema'' Haeckel 1880  
| ''dalmatinum'' Haeckel 1880 *
+
| ''dalmatinum'' Haeckel 1880 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''gorgo'' F. Müller 1883
+
| ''gorgo'' F. Müller 1883  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Pelagiidae]] Gegenbaur 1856  
 
| [[Pelagiidae]] Gegenbaur 1856  
 
| ''Chrysaora'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
 
| ''Chrysaora'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
| ''achlyos'' Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo &amp; Bloom 1997
+
| ''achlyos'' Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo &amp; Bloom 1997  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''africana'' (Vanhöffen 1902)
+
| ''africana'' (Vanhöffen 1902)  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''blossevillei'' Lesson 1830
+
| ''blossevillei'' Lesson 1830  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''colorata'' (Russell 1964)
+
| ''colorata'' (Russell 1964)  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''depressa'' (Kishinouye 1902)
+
| ''depressa'' (Kishinouye 1902)  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''fulgida'' (Reynaud 1830)
+
| ''fulgida'' (Reynaud 1830)  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''fuscescens'' Brandt 1835
+
| ''fuscescens'' Brandt 1835  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''helvola'' Brandt 1838
+
| ''helvola'' Brandt 1838  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''hysoscella (Linné 1766) *''
+
| ''hysoscella (Linné 1766) *''  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''lactea'' Eschscholtz 1829
+
| ''lactea'' Eschscholtz 1829  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''melanaster'' Brandt 1838
+
| ''melanaster'' Brandt 1838  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''pacifica'' (Goette 1886)
+
| ''pacifica'' (Goette 1886)  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''plocamia (Lesson 1832)''
+
| ''plocamia (Lesson 1832)''  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''quinquecirrha'' (Desor 1848)
+
| ''quinquecirrha'' (Desor 1848)  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 195: Line 203:
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Pelagia'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
 
| ''Pelagia'' Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
| ''noctiluca'' (Forskål 1775) *
+
| ''noctiluca'' (Forskål 1775) *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Sanderia'' Goette 1886  
 
| ''Sanderia'' Goette 1886  
| ''malayensis'' Goette 1886
+
| ''malayensis'' Goette 1886  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Ulmaridae]] Haeckel 1879  
 
| [[Ulmaridae]] Haeckel 1879  
 
| [[Aurelia]] Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
 
| [[Aurelia]] Péron &amp; Lesueur 1810  
| ''aurita'' (Linné 1758) *
+
| ''aurita'' (Linné 1758) *  
 
| align="right" | N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)
 
| align="right" | N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''coerulea'' von Lendenfeld 1884
+
| ''coerulea'' von Lendenfeld 1884  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''colpota'' Brandt 1838
+
| ''colpota'' Brandt 1838  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''labiata'' Chamisso &amp; Eysenhardt 1821
+
| ''labiata'' Chamisso &amp; Eysenhardt 1821  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''limbata'' (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM"
+
| ''limbata'' (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM"  
 
| align="right" | Japan (D)
 
| align="right" | Japan (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''maldivensis'' Bigelow 1904
+
| ''maldivensis'' Bigelow 1904  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''solida'' Browne 1905
+
| ''solida'' Browne 1905  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| spp.
+
| spp.  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 1 (morphological, molecular)
+
| sp. 1 (morphological, molecular)  
 
| align="right" | California (D), France (D), Japan (D), New South Wales (D), Perth (D)
 
| align="right" | California (D), France (D), Japan (D), New South Wales (D), Perth (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 2 (molecular)
+
| sp. 2 (molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Brazil (D)
 
| align="right" | Brazil (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 3 (morphological, molecular)
+
| sp. 3 (morphological, molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Palau
 
| align="right" | Palau
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 4 (morphological, molecular)
+
| sp. 4 (morphological, molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Palau (D, M), Kakaban (D), Hawaii (D)
 
| align="right" | Palau (D, M), Kakaban (D), Hawaii (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 5 (molecular)
+
| sp. 5 (molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Mljet (D)
 
| align="right" | Mljet (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 6 (morphological, molecular)
+
| sp. 6 (morphological, molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Palau (D, M)
 
| align="right" | Palau (D, M)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 7 (molecular)
+
| sp. 7 (molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Tasmania (D), New Zealand (D)
 
| align="right" | Tasmania (D), New Zealand (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 8 (molecular)
+
| sp. 8 (molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Adriatic Sea (D), Red Sea
 
| align="right" | Adriatic Sea (D), Red Sea
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 9 (molecular)
+
| sp. 9 (molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Gulf of Mexico (D)
 
| align="right" | Gulf of Mexico (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata
+
| sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata  
 
| align="right" | Alaska (D)
 
| align="right" | Alaska (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. 11 (molecular)
+
| sp. 11 (molecular)  
 
| align="right" | Kwajalein (D)
 
| align="right" | Kwajalein (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Aurosa'' Haeckel 1880  
 
| ''Aurosa'' Haeckel 1880  
| ''furcata'' Haeckel 1880 *
+
| ''furcata'' Haeckel 1880 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Deepstaria'' Russell 1967  
 
| ''Deepstaria'' Russell 1967  
| ''enigmatica'' Russell 1967 *
+
| ''enigmatica'' Russell 1967 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''reticulum'' Larson, Madin &amp; Harbison, 1988
+
| ''reticulum'' Larson, Madin &amp; Harbison, 1988  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Discomedusa'' Claus 1877  
 
| ''Discomedusa'' Claus 1877  
| [[Lobata]] Claus 1877 *
+
| [[Lobata]] Claus 1877 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''philippina'' Mayer 1910
+
| ''philippina'' Mayer 1910  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| sp. Moore 1949
+
| sp. Moore 1949  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Diplulmaris'' Maas 1908  
 
| ''Diplulmaris'' Maas 1908  
| ''antarctica'' Maas 1908 *
+
| ''antarctica'' Maas 1908 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''malayensis'' Stiasny 1935
+
| ''malayensis'' Stiasny 1935  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Floresca'' Haeckel 1880  
 
| ''Floresca'' Haeckel 1880  
| ''parthenia'' Haeckel 1880 *
+
| ''parthenia'' Haeckel 1880 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Parumbrosa'' Kishinouye 1910  
 
| ''Parumbrosa'' Kishinouye 1910  
| ''polylobata'' Kishinouye 1910 *
+
| ''polylobata'' Kishinouye 1910 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Phacellophora'' Brandt 1835  
 
| ''Phacellophora'' Brandt 1835  
| ''camtschatica'' Brandt 1838 *
+
| ''camtschatica'' Brandt 1838 *  
 
| align="right" | California (D)
 
| align="right" | California (D)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Poralia'' Vanhöffen 1902  
 
| ''Poralia'' Vanhöffen 1902  
| ''rufescens'' Vanhöffen 1902 *
+
| ''rufescens'' Vanhöffen 1902 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Stellamedusa'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004  
 
| ''Stellamedusa'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004  
| ''ventana'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *
+
| ''ventana'' Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| ''Sthenonia'' Eschscholtz 1829
+
| ''Sthenonia'' Eschscholtz 1829  
| ''albida'' Eschscholtz 1829 *
+
| ''albida'' Eschscholtz 1829 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Stygiomedusa'' Russell 1959  
 
| ''Stygiomedusa'' Russell 1959  
| ''[[Gigantea]]'' (Browne 1910) *
+
| ''[[Gigantea]]'' (Browne 1910) *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
| ''Tiburonia'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003  
 
| ''Tiburonia'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003  
| ''granrojo'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *
+
| ''granrojo'' Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| ''Ulmaris'' Haeckel 1880
+
| ''Ulmaris'' Haeckel 1880  
| ''prototypus'' Haeckel 1880 *
+
| ''prototypus'' Haeckel 1880 *  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''snelliusi'' Stiasny 1935
+
| ''snelliusi'' Stiasny 1935  
 
| align="right" |  
 
| align="right" |  
 
|}
 
|}
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''Compiled by M.N Dawson, G. Jarms, A.C. Morandini, F. Pagès. Update pending.''  
 
''Compiled by M.N Dawson, G. Jarms, A.C. Morandini, F. Pagès. Update pending.''  
  
<gallery>
+
<br> <br>
File:colorata.jpg|Colorata
+
File:Example.jpg|a link to [[Help:Contents]]
+
File:Example.jpg
+
File:Example.jpg
+
File:Example.jpg| ''italic caption''
+
File:Example.jpg|on page "{{PAGENAME}}"
+
</gallery>
+

Revision as of 21:56, 9 November 2009

Order Semaeostomeae L. Agassiz 1862

Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)

Scyphomedusae with umbrella margin cleft into lappets; without a coronal furrow and without pedalia; with (or without) hollow marginal tentacles and with marginal rhopalia; with a single central mouth opening provided with four large curtain-like or gelatinous lips; with gonads in sac-like folds of the endodermal wall of the subumbrella.


Based largely on Kramp (1961), Mianzan & Cornelius (1999), Gershwin (2001), Dawson (2003) Collections: M = morphology, D = DNA. Type = *


Family (3) Genus (19) Species (63) Collections
Cyaneidae L. Agassiz 1862 Cyanea Péron & Lesueur 1810 annasethe (Haeckel 1880)
annaskala von Lendenfeld 1884 Tasmania (D,M), Victoria (D,M)
buitendijki Stiasny 1919
capillata (Linné 1758) * Alaska (D), Norway (D)
citrea (Kishinouye 1910)
ferruginea Eschscholtz 1829
fulva L. Agassiz 1862
lamarcki Péron & Lesueur 1810
mjöbergi Stiasny 1921
muellerianthe Haacke 1887
nozakii Kishinouye 1891
postelsi Brandt 1838
purpurea Kishinouye 1910
rosea Quoy & Gaimard 1824 New South Wales(D,M)
Desmonema L. Agassiz 1862 chierchianum Vanhöffen 1888
comatum Larson 1986
gaudichaudi (Lesson 1832) *
glaciale Larson 1986
Drymonema Haeckel 1880 dalmatinum Haeckel 1880 *
gorgo F. Müller 1883
Pelagiidae Gegenbaur 1856 Chrysaora Péron & Lesueur 1810 achlyos Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo & Bloom 1997
africana (Vanhöffen 1902)
blossevillei Lesson 1830
colorata (Russell 1964)
depressa (Kishinouye 1902)
fulgida (Reynaud 1830)
fuscescens Brandt 1835
helvola Brandt 1838
hysoscella (Linné 1766) *
lactea Eschscholtz 1829
melanaster Brandt 1838
pacifica (Goette 1886)
plocamia (Lesson 1832)
quinquecirrha (Desor 1848)
spp.
Pelagia Péron & Lesueur 1810 noctiluca (Forskål 1775) *
Sanderia Goette 1886 malayensis Goette 1886
Ulmaridae Haeckel 1879 Aurelia Péron & Lesueur 1810 aurita (Linné 1758) * N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)
coerulea von Lendenfeld 1884
colpota Brandt 1838
labiata Chamisso & Eysenhardt 1821
limbata (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM" Japan (D)
maldivensis Bigelow 1904
solida Browne 1905
spp.
sp. 1 (morphological, molecular) California (D), France (D), Japan (D), New South Wales (D), Perth (D)
sp. 2 (molecular) Brazil (D)
sp. 3 (morphological, molecular) Palau
sp. 4 (morphological, molecular) Palau (D, M), Kakaban (D), Hawaii (D)
sp. 5 (molecular) Mljet (D)
sp. 6 (morphological, molecular) Palau (D, M)
sp. 7 (molecular) Tasmania (D), New Zealand (D)
sp. 8 (molecular) Adriatic Sea (D), Red Sea
sp. 9 (molecular) Gulf of Mexico (D)
sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata Alaska (D)
sp. 11 (molecular) Kwajalein (D)
Aurosa Haeckel 1880 furcata Haeckel 1880 *
Deepstaria Russell 1967 enigmatica Russell 1967 *
reticulum Larson, Madin & Harbison, 1988
Discomedusa Claus 1877 Lobata Claus 1877 *
philippina Mayer 1910
sp. Moore 1949
Diplulmaris Maas 1908 antarctica Maas 1908 *
malayensis Stiasny 1935
Floresca Haeckel 1880 parthenia Haeckel 1880 *
Parumbrosa Kishinouye 1910 polylobata Kishinouye 1910 *
Phacellophora Brandt 1835 camtschatica Brandt 1838 * California (D)
Poralia Vanhöffen 1902 rufescens Vanhöffen 1902 *
Stellamedusa Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 ventana Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *
Sthenonia Eschscholtz 1829 albida Eschscholtz 1829 *
Stygiomedusa Russell 1959 Gigantea (Browne 1910) *
Tiburonia Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *
Ulmaris Haeckel 1880 prototypus Haeckel 1880 *
snelliusi Stiasny 1935

Please see Zoo Bank [1] for more information.

Compiled by M.N Dawson, G. Jarms, A.C. Morandini, F. Pagès. Update pending.