Semaeostomeae

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  • Order Semaeostomeae L. Agassiz 1862
  • Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)

Scyphomedusae with umbrella margin cleft into lappets; without a coronal furrow and without pedalia; with (or without) hollow marginal tentacles and with marginal rhopalia; with a single central mouth opening provided with four large curtain-like or gelatinous lips; with gonads in sac-like folds of the endodermal wall of the subumbrella.

Contents

Semaeostomeae Species

Based largely on Kramp (1961), Mianzan & Cornelius (1999)

Collections: M = morphology, D = DNA, Type = *

Key:

Family (5)

  • Genus (19)
    • Species (64)


Cyaneidae L. Agassiz 1862

  • Cyanea Péron & Lesueur 1810 
    • Cyanea annasethe (Haeckel 1880) - Tasmania (D,M), Victoria (D,M)
    • Cyanea annaskala von Lendenfeld 1884
    • Cyanea buitendijki Stiasny 1919
    • Cyanea capillata (Linné 1758) * - Alaska (D), Norway (D)
    • Cyanea citrea (Kishinouye 1910)
    • Cyanea ferruginea Eschscholtz 1829
    • Cyanea fulva L. Agassiz 1862
    • Cyanea lamarcki Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Cyanea mjöbergi Stiasny 1921
    • Cyanea muellerianthe Haacke 1887
    • Cyanea nozakii Kishinouye 1891
    • Cyanea postelsi Brandt 1838
    • Cyanea purpurea Kishinouye 1910
    • Cyanea rosea Quoy & Gaimard 1824 - New South Wales(D,M)
  • Desmonema L. Agassiz 1862
    • Desmonema chierchianum Vanhöffen 1888
    • Desmonema comatum Larson 1986
    • Desmonema gaudichaudi (Lesson 1832) *
    • Desmonema glaciale Larson 1986
    • Desmonema scoresbyanna Gershwin & Zeidler 2008


Drymonematidae Haeckel 1880

  • Drymonema Haeckel 1880
    • Drymonema dalmatinum Haeckel 1880 *
    • Drymonema gorgo F. Müller 1883
    • Drymonema larsoni Bayha & Dawson 2010


Pelagiidae Gegenbaur 1856

  • Chrysaora Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Chrysaora achlyos Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo & Bloom 1997
    • Chrysaora africana (Vanhöffen 1902)
    • Chrysaora blossevillei Lesson 1830
    • Chrysaora colorata (Russell 1964)
    • Chrysaora caliparea (Reynaud 1830) [species inquirenda - Morandini & Marques (2010)]
    • Chrysaora depressa (Kishinouye 1902)
    • Chrysaora fulgida (Reynaud 1830)
    • Chrysaora fuscescens Brandt 1835
    • Chrysaora helvola Brandt 1838
    • Chrysaora hysoscella (Linné 1766) *
    • Chrysaora kynthia Gershwin & Zeidler 2008 [nomen dubium - Morandini & Marques (2010)]
    • Chrysaora lactea Eschscholtz 1829
    • Chrysaora melanaster Brandt 1838
    • Chrysaora pacifica (Goette 1886)
    • Chrysaora pentastoma Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Chrysaora plocamia (Lesson 1832)
    • Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor 1848)
    • Chrysaora wurlerra Gershwin & Zeidler 2008 [nomen dubium - Morandini & Marques (2010)]
  • Pelagia Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål 1775) *
  • Sanderia Goette 1886
    • Sanderia malayensis Goette 1886
    • Sanderia pampinosus Gershwin & Zeidler 2008



Chrysaora colorata (Russell 1964) Monterey Bay Aquarium
Chrysaora fuscescens Brandt 1835 Monterey Bay Aquarium
Chrysaora lactea Eschscholtz 1829 Cananeia county, Brazil
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor 1848) Bahrain
Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål 1775) New Zealand

More Pelagia images here.



Phacellophoridae Straehler-Pohl, Widmer, & Morandini 2011

  • Phacellophora Brandt 1835
    • Phacellophora camtschatica Brandt 1838 *


Ulmaridae Haeckel 1879

  • Aurelia Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Aurelia aurita (Linné 1758) * - N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)
    • Aurelia coerulea von Lendenfeld 1884
    • Aurelia colpota Brandt 1838
    • Aurelia labiata Chamisso & Eysenhardt 1821
    • Aurelia limbata (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM"
    • Aurelia maldivensis Bigelow 1904
    • Aurelia solida Browne 1905
    • Aurelia sp. 1 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 2 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 3 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 4 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 5 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 6 (morphological, molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 7 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 8 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 9 (molecular)
    • Aurelia sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata
    • Aurelia sp. 11 (molecular)



Aurelia sp.1 Long Beach, California, USA
Aurelia sp.3 Lake Tketau, Mecherchar, Palau
Aurelia sp.4 Big Jellyfish Lake, Koror, Palau
Aurelia sp.11 Kwajalein, Marshall Islands


  • Aurosa Haeckel 1880
    • Aurosa furcata Haeckel 1880 *
  • Deepstaria Russell 1967
    • Deepstaria enigmatica Russell 1967 *
    • Deepstaria reticulum Larson, Madin & Harbison, 1988
  • Discomedusa Claus 1877
    • Discomedusa lobata Claus 1877 *
    • Discomedusa philippina Mayer 1910
    • Discomedusa sp. Moore 1949
  • Diplulmaris Maas 1908
    • Diplulmaris antarctica Maas 1908 *
    • Diplulmaris malayensis Stiasny 1935
  • Floresca Haeckel 1880
    • Floresca parthenia Haeckel 1880 *
  • Parumbrosa Kishinouye 1910
    • Parumbrosa polylobata Kishinouye 1910 *
  • Poralia Vanhöffen 1902
    • Poralia rufescens Vanhöffen 1902 *
  • Stellamedusa Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004
    • Stellamedusa ventana Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *
  • Sthenonia Eschscholtz 1829
    • Sthenonia albida Eschscholtz 1829 *
  • Stygiomedusa Russell 1959
  • Tiburonia Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003
    • Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *
  • Ulmaris Haeckel 1880
    • Ulmaris prototypus Haeckel 1880 *
    • Ulmaris snelliusi Stiasny 1935 - Please see Zoo Bank [1] for more information.


Phacellophora camtschatica Brandt 1838
Stellamedusa ventana Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004
Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003
Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003

Tiburonia photographs courtesy of Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
More Stellamedusa images here. See also MBARI S. ventana for more information.


Compiled by M.N Dawson, G. Jarms, A.C. Morandini, F. Pagès. Update pending.



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