Semaeostomeae

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Order Semaeostomeae L. Agassiz 1862

Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)

Scyphomedusae with umbrella margin cleft into lappets; without a coronal furrow and without pedalia; with (or without) hollow marginal tentacles and with marginal rhopalia; with a single central mouth opening provided with four large curtain-like or gelatinous lips; with gonads in sac-like folds of the endodermal wall of the subumbrella.



Family (3) Genus (19) Species (63) Collections
Cyaneidae L.

Agassiz 1862

Cyanea Péron & Lesueur 1810 annasethe (Haeckel 1880)


annaskala von Lendenfeld 1884 Tasmania (D,M), Victoria (D,M)


buitendijki Stiasny 1919


capillata (Linné 1758) * Alaska (D), Norway (D)


citrea (Kishinouye 1910)


ferruginea Eschscholtz 1829


fulva L. Agassiz 1862


lamarcki Péron & Lesueur 1810


mjöbergi Stiasny 1921


muellerianthe Haacke 1887


nozakii Kishinouye 1891


postelsi Brandt 1838


purpurea Kishinouye 1910


rosea Quoy & Gaimard 1824 New South Wales(D,M)

Desmonema L. Agassiz 1862 chierchianum Vanhöffen 1888


comatum Larson 1986


gaudichaudi (Lesson 1832) *


glaciale Larson 1986

Drymonema Haeckel 1880 dalmatinum Haeckel 1880 *


gorgo F. Müller 1883
Pelagiidae Gegenbaur 1856 Chrysaora Péron & Lesueur 1810 achlyos Martin, Gershwin, Burnett, Cargo & Bloom 1997


africana (Vanhöffen 1902)


blossevillei Lesson 1830


colorata (Russell 1964)
Chrysaora colorata (Russell 1964) Monterey Bay Aquarium



depressa (Kishinouye 1902)


fulgida (Reynaud 1830)


fuscescens Brandt 1835
Chrysaora fuscescens Brandt 1835 Monterey Bay Aquarium



helvola Brandt 1838


hysoscella (Linné 1766) *


lactea Eschscholtz 1829 
Chrysaora lactea Eschscholtz 1829 Cananeia county, Brazil



melanaster Brandt 1838


pacifica (Goette 1886)


plocamia (Lesson 1832)


quinquecirrha (Desor 1848)
Chrysaora quinquecirrha (Desor 1848) Bahrain



spp.

Pelagia Péron & Lesueur 1810

noctiluca (Forskål 1775) *

Pelagia noctiluca (Forskål 1775) New Zealand

More Pelagia images here.



Sanderia Goette 1886 malayensis Goette 1886
Ulmaridae Haeckel 1879 Aurelia Péron & Lesueur 1810 aurita (Linné 1758) * N. Europe (D), NE USA (D)


coerulea von Lendenfeld 1884


colpota Brandt 1838


labiata Chamisso & Eysenhardt 1821


limbata (Brandt 1835) - molecular "LIM" Japan (D)


maldivensis Bigelow 1904


solida Browne 1905


spp.


sp. 1 (morphological, molecular)
Aurelia sp.1 Long Beach, California, USA
California (D), France (D), Japan (D), New South Wales (D), Perth (D)


sp. 2 (molecular) Brazil (D)


sp. 3 (morphological, molecular)
Aurelia sp.3 Lake Tketau, Mecherchar, Palau
Palau


sp. 4 (morphological, molecular)
Aurelia sp.4 Big Jellyfish Lake, Koror, Palau
Palau (D, M), Kakaban (D), Hawaii (D)


sp. 5 (molecular) Mljet (D)


sp. 6 (morphological, molecular) Palau (D, M)


sp. 7 (molecular) Tasmania (D), New Zealand (D)


sp. 8 (molecular) Adriatic Sea (D), Red Sea


sp. 9 (molecular) Gulf of Mexico (D)


sp. 10 (molecular) cf. limbata Alaska (D)


sp. 11 (molecular)
Aurelia sp.11 Kwajalein, Marshall Islands
Kwajalein (D)

Aurosa Haeckel 1880 furcata Haeckel 1880 *

Deepstaria Russell 1967 enigmatica Russell 1967 *


reticulum Larson, Madin & Harbison, 1988

Discomedusa Claus 1877 Lobata Claus 1877 *


philippina Mayer 1910


sp. Moore 1949

Diplulmaris Maas 1908 antarctica Maas 1908 *


malayensis Stiasny 1935

Floresca Haeckel 1880 parthenia Haeckel 1880 *

Parumbrosa Kishinouye 1910 polylobata Kishinouye 1910 *

Phacellophora Brandt 1835 camtschatica Brandt 1838 *
Phacellophora camtschatica Brandt 1838
California (D)

Poralia Vanhöffen 1902 rufescens Vanhöffen 1902 *

Stellamedusa Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 ventana Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004 *
Stellamedusa ventana Raskoff and Matsumoto 2004

More Stellamedusa images here. See also MBARI S. ventana for more information.



Sthenonia Eschscholtz 1829 albida Eschscholtz 1829 *

Stygiomedusa Russell 1959 Gigantea (Browne 1910) *

Tiburonia Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003 *
Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003
Tiburonia granrojo Matsumoto, Raskoff and Lindsay 2003

Photographs courtesy of Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute



Ulmaris Haeckel 1880 prototypus Haeckel 1880 *


snelliusi Stiasny 1935

Please see Zoo Bank [1] for more information.

Compiled by M.N Dawson, G. Jarms, A.C. Morandini, F. Pagès. Update pending.