Rhizostomeae

From The Scyphozoan
Jump to: navigation, search
  • Order Rhizostomeae (Cuvier 1799)
  • Characteristics of the Order (from Kramp 1961)

Scyphomedusae with umbrella margin cleft into lappets; without marginal tentacles; without a central mouth opening, but with numerous mouths upon eight adradial, fleshy, branched, arm-like appendages arising from the centre of the subumbrella; with rhopalia between marginal clefts.

Rhizostomeae Species

Based largely on Kramp (1961), Mianzan & Cornelius (1999)

Collections: M = morphology, D = DNA, Type = *

Key:

Family (8)

  • Genus (27)
    • Species (95) [92 morphological + 3 molecular]


Cassiopeidae

Cassiopea andromeda (Forskål 1775)
L. Agassiz 1862
  • Cassiopea Péron & Lesueur 1810 
    • Cassiopea andromeda (Forskål 1775) pictured
    • Cassiopea depressa Haeckel 1880
    • Cassiopea frondosa (Pallas 1774)
    • Cassiopea medusa Light 1914
    • Cassiopea mertensi Brandt 1838
    • Cassiopea ndrosia Agassiz & Mayer 1899
    • Cassiopea ornata Haeckel 1880
    • Cassiopea picta Vanhöffen 1888
    • Cassiopea vanderhorsti Stiasny 1922
    • Cassiopea sp. 1 see Holland et al. 2004
    • Cassiopea sp. 2 see Holland et al. 2004
    • Cassiopea sp. 3 see Holland et al. 2004


Catostylidae

Gegenbaur 1857

  • Acromitoides Stiasny 1921
    • Acromitoides purpurus (Mayer 1910)
    • Acromitoides stiphropterus (Schultze 1897)
  • Acromitus Light 1914 *
    • Acromitus flagellatus (Maas 1903) pictured below
    • Acromitus hardenbergi Stiasny 1934
    • Acromitus maculosus Light 1914 *
    • Acromitus rabanchatu Annandale 1915
    • Acromitus tankahkeei Light 1924
  • Catostylus L. Agassiz 1862
    • Catostylus cruciatus (Lesson 1830)
    • Catostylus mosaicus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) * pictured below
    • Catostylus ornatellus (Vanhöffen 1888)
    • Catostylus ouwensi Moestafa & McConnaughey 1966
    • Catostylus perezi Ranson 1945
    • Catostylus tagi (Haeckel 1869)
    • Catostylus townsendi Mayer 1915 pictured below
    • Catostylus tripterus (Haeckel 1880)
    • Catostylus turgescens (Schultze 1911)
    • Catostylus viridescens (Chun 1896)
  • Crambione Maas 1903
    • Crambione bartschi (Mayer 1910)
    • Crambione cooki Mayer 1910
    • Crambione mastigophora Maas 1903* pictured below
  • Crambionella Stiasny 1921
    • Crambionella annandalei Rao 1931
    • Crambionella helmbiru Nishikawa et al. 2014
    • Crambionella orsini (Vanhöffen 1888) * pictured below
    • Crambionella stuhlmanni (Chun 1896)
  • Leptobrachia Brandt 1838
    • Leptobrachia leptopus (Chamisso & Eysenhardt 1821)*
Acromitus flagellatus (Maas 1903)
Acromitus flagellatus (Maas 1903)
Catostylus mosaicus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)
Catostylus mosaicus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)
Crambione mastigophora Maas 1903
Crambione mastigophora Maas 1903
Crambione mastigophora Maas 1903


Cepheidae

Catostylus townsendi Mayer 1915
L. Agassiz 1862
  • Cephea Péron & Lesueur 1810
    • Cephea cephea (Forskål 1775) pictured
    • Cephea coerulea Vanhöffen 1902
    • Cephea conifera Haeckel 1880
    • Cephea octostyla (Forskål 1775)*
    • Cephea sp. see Mayer 1915
    • Cephea sp. see Stiasny 1937
    • Cephea sp. see Kramp 1958
  • Cotylorhiza L. Agassiz 1862
    • Cotylorhiza ambulacrata Haeckel 1880
    • Cotylorhiza erythraea Stiasny 1920
    • Cotylorhiza pacifica Mayer 1915
    • Cotylorhiza tuberculata (Macri 1778)* pictured
Cotylorhiza tuberculata (Macri 1778)
Cotylorhiza tuberculata (Macri 1778)
Cotylorhiza tuberculata (Macri 1778)
Cotylorhiza tuberculata (Macri 1778)
  • Marivagia Galil & Gershwin 2010
    • Marivagia stellata Galil & Gershwin 2010
  • Netrostoma L.S. Schultze 1898
    • Netrostoma coerulescens Maas 1903
    • Netrostoma dumokuroa (Agassiz & Mayer 1899)
    • Netrostoma nuda Gershwin & Zeidler 2008
    • Netrostoma setouchianum (Kishinouye 1902)
    • Netrostoma typhlodendrium L.S. Schultze 1898*
  • Polyrhiza L. Agassiz 1862
    • Polyrhiza vesiculosa (Ehrenberg 1835)*

Lychnorhizidae

Haeckel 1880

  • Anomalorhiza Light 1921
    • Anomalorhiza shawi Light 1921 *
  • Lychnorhiza Haeckel 1880
    • Lychnorhiza arubae Stiasny 1920
    • Lychnorhiza lucerna Haeckel 1880 * pictured
    • Lychnorhiza malayensis Stiasny 1920
  • Pseudorhiza von Lendenfeld 1882
    • Pseudorhiza aurosa von Lendenfeld 1882 *
    • Pseudorhiza haeckeli Haacke 1884

Lobonematidae

Stiasny 1921

  • Lobonema Mayer 1910
    • Lobonema mayeri Light 1914
    • Lobonema smithi Mayer 1910 *
  • Lobonemoides Light 1914
    • Lobonemoides gracilis Light 1914 *
    • Lobonemoides robustus Stiasny 1920
    • Lobonemoides sewelli Rao 1931

Mastigiidae

Stiasny 1921

  • Mastigias L. Agassiz 1862
    • Mastigias albipunctatus Stiasny 1920
    • Mastigias andersoni Stiasny 1926
    • Mastigias gracilis (Vanhöffen 1888)
    • Mastigias ocellatus (Modeer 1791)
    • Mastigias pantherinus Haeckel 1880
    • Mastigias papua (Lesson 1830) * pictured
    • Mastigias roseus (Reynaud 1830)
    • Mastigias siderea Chun 1896
    • Mastigias sp. see Rao 1931
  • Mastigietta Stiasny 1921
    • Mastigietta palmipes (Haeckel 1880) *
  • Phyllorhiza L. Agassiz 1862
    • Phyllorhiza luzoni Mayer 1915
    • Phyllorhiza pacifica (Light 1921)
    • Phyllorhiza peronlesueuri Goy 1990
    • Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld 1884 * pictured
  • Thysanostoma L. Agassiz 1862
    • Thysanostoma flagellatum (Haeckel 1880)
    • Thysanostoma loriferum (Ehrenberg 1835)
    • Thysanostoma thysanura Haeckel 1880 *
  • Versuriga Kramp 1961
    • Versuriga anadyomene (Maas 1903) * pictured

Rhizostomatidae

Cuvier 1799

  • Eupilema Haeckel 1880
    • Eupilema inexpectata Pages, Gili & Bouillon 1992
    • Eupilema scapulare Haeckel 1880 *
  • Nemopilema (Kishinouye 1922)
    • Nemopilema nomurai (Kishinouye 1922) * pictured
  • Rhizostoma Cuvier 1799
    • Rhizostoma luteum (Quoy & Gaimard 1827)
    • Rhizostoma octopus (Macri 1778)
    • Rhizostoma pulmo (Macri 1778)*
  • Rhopilema Haeckel 1880
    • Rhopilema esculentum Kishinouye 1891
    • Rhopilema hispidum (Vanhöffen 1888)
    • Rhopilema nomadica Galil, Spanier & Ferguson 1990
    • Rhopilema rhopalophorum Haeckel 1880 *
    • Rhopilema verrilli (Fewkes 1887)

Stomolophidae

Haeckel 1880

  • Stomolophus L. Agassiz 1862
    • Stomolophus fritillarius Haeckel 1880
    • Stomolophus meleagris L. Agassiz 1862 *


See Zoo Bank ([1]) for more information.

  • Compiled by M.N Dawson, G. Jarms, A.C. Morandini. Update pending.